JRP CALL information
Supported By

European Commission

CEA (coordinator) ¤ JRC-ITU ¤ KIT ¤ HZDR ¤ PSI ¤ LGI ¤ NNL ¤ Chalmers ¤ UNIMAN ¤ CNRS ¤ ICHTJ ¤ CUNI

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CEA – Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (France)

The CEA is a technological research body which has developed extensive expertise in a number of fields – energy, information and health technologies and nanotechnologies, in particular – which are now central to the subjects studied within the European Research Area. The CEA implements an extremely proactive policy on working with its European partners, which is manifested in its highly-committed involvement in a series of research and development framework programmes (FP), and, more particularly, in FP6 – the 6th R&D Framework Programme, currently in progress: the CEA is currently involved in more than 180 projects and acts as co-ordinator for 34 of these. The CEA is also looking ahead to the future, contributing to the preparations for the 7th FP for Research and Technological Development, notably through technological platforms designed to structure and implement new forms of partnership between research institutes and industry in certain targeted sectors. Lastly, it is plays a key role in training and human resources throughout Europe, promoting training and opportunities for researchers and students.

The understanding and mastery of actinides and actinide-based materials is a necessary basis for many major issues in the field of nuclear energy. Actinide science represents therefore an important part of the research activity currently run in the Nuclear Energy Division of CEA. This covers the following major topics:

  • Theoretical chemistry of actinides
  • Physics and chemistry of actinide compounds
  • Chemistry of actinides in solutions and at interfaces
  • A number of other topics may also be considered, like analytical methods development, actinide behaviour in molten salts or metals…

CEA will be in charge of the coordination of TALISMAN and contribute to the networking activities, the transnational access facility by pooling a number of hot labs and nuclearised instruments in ATALANTE in Marcoule, and in Saclay and in the JRA2.

For more information: http://www.cea.fr.

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EC-JRC-ITU – European Commission - DG Joint Research Centre - Institute for TransUranium elements (Germany)

The Institute for Transuranium elements (ITU) is one of the few European centres dedicated to Actinide research with appropriate operating facilities, with a statutory staff of 350 in 2012 located at its Karlsruhe and Ispra premises.
ITU's prime objectives are to serve as a reference centre for basic actinide research, to contribute to an effective safety and safeguards system for the nuclear fuel cycle, and to study technological and medical applications of transuranium elements ITU responds to the concerns of the European citizens by performing customer driven research and basic and exploratory research.

A good knowledge of fundamental physical, chemical and materials science data on actinides and actinide-containing products, is the basis for addressing nuclear issues at ITU. ITU scientists aim at developing an understanding of these properties, including the electronic structure of actinides and actinide compounds. Four major research topics are developed:

  • Preparation and characterisation of actinide elements and compounds
  • Material Science for present (safety, optimisation of lifetime and burn-up) and future systems (new concepts and new processes), fuel behaviour under irradiation, intermediate storage, long term storage, targets for transmutation, waste management, etc require material science data on actinides and actinide-containing products. ITU scientists aim at developing a profound understanding of thermo-physical and thermodynamic properties of refractory nuclear materials.
  • Investigation of the solid state physics of actinides
  • Surface and Interface Science of Actinide materials

For more information: http://itu.jrc.ec.europa.eu.

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KIT – Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is a higher education and research organisation with about 9000 employees and 22,500 students. KIT was established on 01/10/2009 as merger between the Universität Karlsruhe, one of Germany’s leading research universities, and Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, one of the largest research centres in the German Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres (HGF).

KIT-Institute for Nuclear Waste Disposal (KIT) with more than 110 employees is the largest institute in the field of Nuclear Safety Research within the HGF. The R&D focuses on (i) long term safety research for nuclear waste disposal, (ii) immobilization of high level radioactive waste (HLW), (iii) separation of actinides from HLW and (iv) radiological protection. The R&D activities are integrated into numerous national and international programs and are evaluated regularly by international experts. KIT is equipped with:

  • a radioactive controlled area with suitable laboratories, including hot cells, alpha and inert gas glove boxes and hoods for working with isotopes
  • the most modern facilities and instrumentation for analysis of radioactive materials,
  • state-of-the-art laser spectroscopy for speciation of radionuclides,
  • the INE- Beamline for actinide research at the KIT synchrotron source ANKA

In addition to scientific work, KIT is tackling the challenge of maintaining and expanding know-how and competence in the area radiochemistry and actinide chemistry. Lectures and tutorials are given in the field radiochemistry, both at the KIT South Campus and at the Ruprecht-Karls University, Heidelberg and in addition radiochemical training courses for students from Karlsruhe and Heidelberg at the KIT North Campus. KIT employees are also integrated into the education curricula at the universities of Berlin, Jena and Mainz.

For more information: http://www.ine.kit.edu

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HZDR – Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V. (Germany)

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf e.V. (HZDR) was founded in 1992 as a registered non-profit institution with a permanent staff of 550 members, supported by the authorities of the Free State of Saxony and the Federal Government of Germany. HZDR performs interdisciplinary application-oriented basic research in the fields of structure of matter, life sciences, as well as environment and safety.

HZDR’s Institute for Resource Ecology (IRE) pursues the goal to reveal the interactions and mobility of actinides (thorium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, curium and americium) and further long-lived radionuclides on a molecular level in geo- and biosystems. This contributes to the macroscopic process understanding and allows the modelling of the respective processes. Typical application cases are the development and assessment of restoration methods in uranium mining, the long-term safety evaluation of nuclear repositories, and the knowledge about the behaviour of accidental nuclear contaminations in the environment.
Concerning research in the field of actinides, IRE concentrates on radionuclide solution behaviour and their speciation in environmental matrices at very low concentrations, actinide interactions with cells, microbes and biofilms, thermodynamics and kinetics of actinides at the solid-solution interface, investigations of colloids, development and parameterisation of geochemical speciation models.


HZDR contributes in various ways to the ACTINET. Most important is the provision of two research labs to the Pooled Facility Group: The X-ray absorption beam line at the ESRF in Grenoble/France dedicated to actinide research, and the alpha laboratories on-site in Dresden, equipped with a range of spectroscopy tools including modern laser and IR methods.

For more information: http://www.HZDR.de.

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PSI – Paul Scherrer Institut (Switzerland)

The Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) is a Swiss multi-disciplinary research centre for natural sciences and technology with a staff of approximately 1,200.

Research at the Institute is conducted in national and international collaboration programs with universities, other research institutes and the industry, and covers various research fields:

  • solid state physics
  • material sciences
  • elementary particle physics
  • life sciences
  • nuclear and non-nuclear energy research


The Waste Management Laboratory of PSI contributes to the safety assessment of repositories for all kinds of radioactive wastes, through an understanding of environmental processes and mechanisms relating to interactions and transport of heavy metals in natural systems.

The emphasis of its research, in which there is tight co-operation between experimentalists and modellers, lies on:

  • fundamental geochemistry
  • speciation
  • sorption
  • radionuclide transport.

In addition, PSI is the only research institute in Switzerland with an infrastructure to handle larger amounts of actinides.

For more information: http://www.psi.ch/index_e.shtml and http://les.web.psi.ch.

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LGI – LaGrange sarl (LGI Consulting)

www.lgi-consulting.com

LGI (LaGrange Innovation) is an independent SME dedicated to innovation management consultancy. LGI is based in France (Paris, Lille and Marseille), and intervenes at European scale. LGI’s services are structured along three business lines with synergies: strategy and innovation consultancy; operational consulting and project management; internet competence centre. LGI provides these services in a number of sectors, with an expertise on the field of energy. The consultants at LGI have years of experience in collaborative R&D and innovation, in particular with European Framework Programmes.


LGI has been strongly involved in nuclear energy since its creation. The company coordinates the secretariat of the European Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform (SNETP) since 2008, and has been participating in various Euratom projects (such as F-Bridge, Puma, Raphael, Actinet-I3, Fairfuels, Adriana, Europairs, Nurisp, Pelgrimm, etc.). LGI also executes a number of innovation-related studies and roadmaps for its customers from industry, research or safety organisations.
The company brings to European R&D projects the main components of its expertise:

  • Innovation management, scenarios & roadmapping, market research, business modeling, IP exploitation strategy, legal & financial engineering, strategic studies in the energy & transport sectors
  • Managing geographically-dispersed, complex and innovative projects: administrative, legal and financial management; planning, quality and risk monitoring; knowledge management. As Project Management Office, LGI brings its know-how to ensure the success of the project.
  • Internal and external communication, including the communication strategy, all supporting material and press communication.
  • Managing complex IT development projects, integrating several teams and strong constraints in terms of quality and timing. This expertise enables LGI to set up and maintain project websites and tailored web-based applications.

LGI is the PMO – project management office – of the project, and contributes to the coordination and the knowledge management, providing organisational, management and communication support to the project.

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NNL – National Nuclear Laboratory

www.nnl.co.uk

Launched in July 2008, the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) provides a full range of research and technology services in support of the full nuclear fuel cycle. Ownership of the NNL transferred to Government in April 2009.

Major objectives include a continued commitment to providing service excellence for customers and acting as a trusted provider of independent, authoritative advice on nuclear issues to Government.  NNL is built on solid nuclear research foundations in the UK and is the successor organisation to Nexia Solutions Ltd operated by British Nuclear Fuels plc (BNFL).  For the future, the NNL is identifying key growth opportunities based around providing quality value and service for customers and applying the best innovation and safety.

NNL-UK have extensive experience in all aspects of the SACSESS project. Relevant to Domain 1 (hydro), over the last 2 decades, NNL-UK have developed a range of advanced actinide separation process flowsheets, including for: GANEX, Advanced PUREX, NUEX processes. NNL-UK developed a new (“Low Acid”) flowsheet for an industrial reprocessing plant from concept to implementation on-plant, including maloperations studies to support the safety case. Current projects include developing Pu/Am separations processes and improved Np extractions. NNL-UK participated in EUROPART and ACSEPT partitioning projects. In Domain 2, NNL-UK have been involved in pyro-processing R&D for over a decade; most recently focusing on salt waste treatment as well as engineering aspects and salt handling techniques. Prior to ACSEPT, NNL-UK participated in EUROPART and PYROREP programmes. NNL-UK are a partner in the UK-wide REFINE programme. Orientated to Domain 4, NNL-UK undertake technical safety assessments for nuclear plant safety cases supported by engineering design studies. NNL-UK have recently been involved in roadmapping of advanced nuclear fuel cycles and supporting R&D needs for the UK Government.

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Chalmers – Chalmers University of Technology

http://www.chalmers.se/chem/EN/divisions/nuclear-chemistry

Chalmers University of Technology was founded in 1829 following a donation by William Chalmers and was transformed into an independent foundation in 1994. Chalmers’ annual turnover is approximately 2 billion SEK (appr. 220 million EUR), out of which two-thirds are related to research. More than 11,000 people, including over 8,000 undergraduates, work and study in some of Chalmers’ departments and divisions.

The university offers PhD and Licentiate programs as well as MScEng, MArch, BEng and nautical programmes. There are around 8,600 students taking undergraduate programs leading to 1,300 Master’s degrees annually. More than 1,000 students are involved in graduate and doctoral programs leading to around 340 PhD and Licentiate of Technology degrees each year. Chalmers is involved in approximately 140 industrial and educational projects within the EU programmes.

Nuclear Chemistry/Industrial Recycling at Chalmers has been working for more than 50 years in the development of solvent extraction processes. During the last 30 years research has been made in many different areas but the mail fields have been:

  • Partitioning and transmutation,
  • Chemistry related to deep geological disposal,
  • Chemical modelling and associated uncertainty and sensitivity analysis,
  • Thermodynamical and kinetic data

During previous project ACSEPT Chalmers has developed the so called CHALMEX process for collective and selective extraction of all actinides from a PUREX raffinate

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UNIMAN – Centre for Radiochemistry Research, University of Manchester

www.manchester.ac.uk

The Centre for Radiochemistry Research (CRR) within the School of Chemistry at the University of Manchester was established in 1999. It is dedicated to the research of the chemistry of the radioactive elements, particularly Tc and the actinide elements. Its research activities link closely to many aspects of the nuclear industry, from process chemistry to decontamination, decommissioning, waste management and environmental impact assessment. The Centre has well equipped and modern radiochemistry labs that allow workers to handle the actinides and fission products safely. Equipment and facilities within the Centre include radiometric counting techniques, controlled atmosphere boxes, various spectroscopic techniques (UV/vis, NMR, Raman etc.) and standard chemical analysis (ICP-AES/MS, CHNO etc.). The current research programme at CRR is funded by the UK nuclear industry (Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, Nexia Solutions, AWE), the UK Research Councils (EPSRC, NERC), the European Union, UK Government and the US Department of Energy. Current research projects at CRR involve:

  • Environmental Radiochemistry;
  • Actinide spectroscopy (XAS);
  • Synthetic actinide coordination chemistry (U, Th, Np and Pu);
  • Actinide speciation determination and modelling;
  • Radionuclide interactions with surfaces;
  • Geochemical modelling and coupled chemical transport modelling;
  • Radionuclide colloid chemistry.

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CNRS – Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (FR)

www.cnrs.fr

The CNRS is the major French multi-disciplinary research institute, which has developed through its scientific departments, extensive fundamental research in numerous fields: energy including nuclear energy, materials sciences including nanomaterials, health sciences, earth sciences and social sciences and humanities. The CNRS is strongly involved in research and development contracts in the different European Framework Programs (FP). Within the FP6 (ACTINET NoE) and FP7 (ACTINET-I3), CNRS has become more involved in the Euratom programs. To become more active in major issues of the nuclear energy, CNRS has created several multidisciplinary networks of laboratories. Among them, the network NEEDS (successor of PARIS and MATINEX), that has in their Governing Boards the major French stakeholders in the field of nuclear energy: CEA, AREVA and EDF. The relevant CNRS departments and Institutes involved are  the Insitute of Chemistry (INC), Institute of Physics (INP), the National Institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), and the National Institute for earth sciences and astronomy (INSU) .

The CNRS will contribute to the TALISMAN network in JRAs, Networking Activities, Education and Training. CNRS is represented in the project by 5 laboratories:ICSM (UMR 5257)

  1. ICN (UMR 7272)
  2. IPNO (UMR 8608)
  3. CEMHTI (UPR 3079)
  4. PhLAM (UMR 8523)

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ICHTJ – Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology

www.ichtj.waw.pl

ICHTJ was a chemical division of Institute for Nuclear Research (IBJ) established in 1955 and is an independent organization since 1983. The basic research is focused on radiochemistry, chemistry of isotopes, physical chemistry of separation processes, and synthesis of advanced ceramic materials, radiation chemistry, radiopharmaceutical chemistry, and cellular radiobiology. ICHTJ is an advanced centre in radiation chemistry and technology, material and process engineering with the application of nuclear methods, radioanalytical techniques, design and production of instruments based on nuclear techniques, and in environmental research. The Institute was nominated Collaborating Centre by IAEA for years 2010-2014.

ICHTJ consists of 3 research Centres and 7 individual Laboratories. It is the editor of the scientific journal Nukleonika. Staff: 250 (48% women), including 23 Professors and 50 PhDs. ICHTJ conducts PhD studies and confers the scientific degrees, PhD and DSc., in chemistry The research infrastructure of the ICHTJ Centre that applies for TALISMAN is being significantly modernized as the result of realization of the project “Centre for Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry - meeting the needs of nuclear power and nuclear medicine” within national Operative Programme Innovative Economy (PO IG) based on the EC structural funds. In 2010 our proposal won 25.3 million PLN (ca. 6 M€) in the national competition for institutions of high research potential.  Institute runs PhD studies in the field of radiochemistry, nuclear chemistry and radiation chemistry.

At present institute is reconstructing well equipped Radiochemical Laboratories for Nuclear Energy and Radiopharmaceuticals Research which will be in operation in the second half of this year.

Previous experience relevant to the project
In the early period ICHTJ was strongly engaged in works on chemical aspects of nuclear energy: extraction of uranium from ores, production of uranium metal and nuclear fuel, reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel by solvent extraction, burn-up determination, studies on radiolysis of the extraction systems, management of radioactive waste, synthesis of advanced ceramic materials by sol-gel processes, and inorganic adsorbents selective for some fission products as stable matrices for the long-lived radionuclides and/or engineered barriers in waste repositories. At the moment Institute participates in several European and Polish projects. Within the 7FP ACSEPT project, ICHTJ tested novel An(III)-selective ligands, explained (by quantum mechanics calculations) the reason of An-selectivity of BTBP ligands, studied radiation stability of SANEX extracting system and the mechanism of its radiolysis; and elaborated the sol-gel technology to produce uranium and MOX microspheres as potential matrices for transmutation of minor actinides. The activity of ICHTJ in 7FP ASGARD (Advanced fuelS for Generation IV reActors: Reprocessing and Dissolution) focuses on th synthesis of uranium carbides and nitrides by sol-gel process. ICHTJ coordinates Polish Strategic Research Project “Development of Techniques and Technologies Supporting Management of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste” and participates in three other strategic programs related to nuclear fuel supplies and nuclear safety.

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CUNI – Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics

www.mff.cuni.cz

The Charles University in Prague, founded 1348, is the largest university in the Czech Republic, and also one of the most important research and cultural establishments. It consists of 17 faculties. The academic staff exceeds 4000. From a legal point of view, it is a public university, i.e. autonomous research and education establishment.

The Faculty of Mathematics and Physics (www.mff.cuni.cz) has, together with the Institute of Physics of Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, the best rating as to the research output per currency unit spent among all Czech research establishments. It is also No.1 in the ranking by absulute number of research outputs. There are 16 departments covering all the fields of physics, 6 of them deal with different aspects of condensed matter physics and materials research. The Department of Condensed Matter Physics, which will také part in the project, belongs to the largest ones. The personnel of more than 40 people includes associate and full professors, senior researchers, as well as post-doc and PhD students. The group of magnetism has been traditionally (since 1970s) dealing with magnetic properties of uranium intermetallics. It consists of 5 senior fellows with a sound record in actinides research, and a dozen of post-docs and PhD students. Own research interests include magnetic and other electronic properties of U intermetallics and their hydrides on the background of electronic structure calculations.

The department operates the Joint Laboratory for Magnetic Studies (http://cmd.karlov.mff.cuni.cz/jlms/), co-founded with the Institute for Physics of the Academy of Sciences of CR. The facilities open to users there include two pieces of PPMS equipment (9 T and 14 T) and one MPMS (7 T) by Quantum Design. Besides standard measuring techniques available it is equipped by 3He system for specific heat and electrical resistivity down to 0.3 K, furnace for high-temperature magnetometry, and capacitance dilatometer. A closed cycle refrigerator system with temperatures down to 3 K can be equipped by a pressure cell for resistivity measurements, tested so far up to 12 GPa. The equipment is being gradually upgraded, a dilution refrigerator with base temperature 50 mK and field 9 T will be commissioned soon. In 2012 it is turning into a national facility - Laboratories of Magnetism and Low Temperatures (www.lmnt.cz) - with quite massive support from the Czech state.
The technology laboratory deals with metals purification by solid-state electrotransport refinement (SSE), used also to obtain ultra-pure U metal, arc melting (arc melter, splat cooler), Czochralski pulling of single crystals (tri-arc equipment), flux-growth infrastructure, annealing furnace, spark erosion cutting. Unique equipment for hydrogenation of intermetallics is used for production of hydrides and deuterides under pressures up to 150 bars and temperatures reaching 850 oC. The laboratory is equipped by several modern powder diffractometers (e.g. Seifert, Philips) and a Huber thin film diffractometer. XRD measurement down to T = 3 K and to elevated temperatures is possible, as well.
The site licence allows to work with up to 1 kg Th, 1 kg of depleted U and 2 kg of natural U.

CUNI was a member of the EURATOM NOE ACTINET-6.